NCERT Solutions Class 9 Social Studies (Geography) Chapter 5 – Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

The Solutions for Chapter 5 of Geography are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects.

SubjectSocial Science
BookContemporary India
Chapter Number5
Chapter NameNatural Vegetation and Wildlife

Exercise Page No 51

1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below:

(i) To which one of the following types of vegetation does rubber belong to?

(a) Tundra (b) Himalayan (c) Tidal (d) Tropical Evergreen


Tropical Evergreen

(ii) Cinchona trees are found in the areas of rainfall more than

(a) 100 cm (b) 70 cm (c) 50 cm (d) less than 50 cm


100 cm

(iii) In which of the following state is the Simlipal bio-reserve located?

(a) Punjab (b) Delhi (c) Odisha (d) West Bengal



(iv) Which one of the following bio-reserves of India is not included in the world network of bio reserve?

(a) Manas (b) Gulf of Mannar (c) Nilgiri (d) Nanda Devi



2. Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) What factors are responsible for the distribution of plants and animals in India?


Climatic conditions:

  1. Temperature
  2. Humidity
  3. Photoperiod
  4. Precipitation


  1. Land
  2. Soil

(ii) What is a bio-reserve? Give two examples.


Bio-reserves are protected areas. This is done to protect natural vegetation, wildlife and the environment.

2 examples:

  1. Sunderbans
  2. Gulf of Mannar

(iii) Name two animals having habitat in the tropical and montane type of vegetation.



Tiger, Elephant.


Snow Leopard

3. Distinguish between

(i) Flora and Fauna


Plant species of a particular region is called flora and animal species of a particular region is called fauna.

(ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests


Tropical Evergreen Forests:

  1. They are called rain forest.
  2. No definite time for trees to shed leaves.
  3. Rainfall is more than 200 cm.

Tropical Deciduous Forests:

  1. They are called Monsoon forest.
  2. Trees shed leaves for about six to eight weeks in the dry summer.
  3. Rainfall range is between 200 cm to 70 cm.

4. Name different types of vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.


  1. Tropical evergreen forests
  2. Tropical deciduous forests
  3. Tropical Thorn forests and scrubs
  4. Montane forests
  5. Mangrove forests

Vegetation in high altitudes

  1. Alpine vegetation found in altitudes above 3600 m.
  2. Trees in these areas are junipers, birches and pines.

5. Quite a few species of plants and animals are endangered in India. Why?


  1. Increasing population
  2. Pollution
  3. Deforestation
  4. Hunting by poachers.

6. Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?


  1. A country with diverse relief features
  2. Availability of different types of soil.
  3. Variation in climatic conditions

Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Summary

Our country India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 47,000 plant species India occupies the tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. The diverse wildlife and natural vegetation make India one of the richest countries in terms of flora and flora.

Students will study the climatic conditions of the different parts of the country. The term flora is used to denote plants of a particular region or period. Similarly, the species of animals are referred to as fauna. Other important features of the natural vegetation in the country are given below:

1. Relief: Land and Soil

2. Climate

  1. Temperature
  2. Photoperiod
  3. Precipitation

3. Types of Vegetation

  1. Tropical Evergreen Forests
  2. Tropical Deciduous Forests
  3. Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
  4. Montane Forests
  5. Mangrove Forests

India has approximately 90,000 animal species. The country has about 2,000 species of birds. They constitute 13% of the world’s total. There are 2,546 species of fish, which account for nearly 12% of the world’s stock. It also shares between 5 and 8 per cent of the world’s amphibians, reptiles and mammals.

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